Postgraduate and doctoral courses

38.06.01. Economics


Finance, money circulation and credit

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The content of the major “Finance, money circulation and credit” is fundamental and applied scientific studies, research development and the processes of implementation of scientific results in the field of finance, money circulation and credit relations.

Areas of research

1. Financial system

1.1. Methodological and organizational processes of the formation of the financial system.

1.2. Financial system structures and financial system governing bodies.

1.3. Theory and methodology of the impact of the financial system on the results of socio-economic development.

1.4. Modern concepts and theories of finance and their use in the activities of financial institutions.

1.5. Financial institutions: theory, methodology, patterns of development and management improvement.

1.6. Institutional aspects of the financial system.

1.7. Infrastructure aspects of the financial system.

1.8. Methodology of financial regulation of reproduction processes.

1.9. Financial support for the needs of expanded reproduction.

1.10. Financial incentives for the efficient use of all types of economic resources.

1.11. Features and economic consequences of financial globalization.

1.12. The genesis of the methodology, theory and organization of the financial system.

2. National, territorial and local finance

2.1. Development of structural elements of national, territorial and local finance.

2.2. Financial regulation of economic and social processes.

2.3. Theory, methodology, methods of financial planning at the state and municipal level.

2.4. Budgetary and tax forecasting and planning in a market economy.

2.5. Tax regulation of sectors of the economy.

2.6. The theory of building the budget and tax system.

2.7. Conceptual foundations of inter-budgetary relations and budgetary regulation.

2.8. Optimization of the budgetary process: improvement of the revenue and expenditure management system of the budgetary system and off-budget funds.

2.9. Conceptual foundations, priorities of tax policy and main directions of reforming the modern Russian tax system.

2.10. Concept and system analysis of public finance.

2.11. State policy for regulating financial relationships in the system of federal flows.

2.12. Theoretical, methodic, and methodological foundations for constructing the consolidated financial balance of the national economy and its use in the development of the financial policy of the state. Formation and structure of the balance of payments.

2.13. Financing of public services.

2.14. Financing investment processes at the federal and regional levels.

2.15. Conceptual approaches to the formation of inter-budgetary relations, etc.

3. Finance of business entities

3.1. Theory, methodology and conceptual foundations of the finance of business entities.

3.2. Organizational and economic aspects of finance of enterprises and organizations.

3.3. Patterns of functioning of financial resources of business entities.

3.4. Features of the development of the system of financial resources of enterprises at various stages of economic development.

3.5. Financial management of business entities: methodology, theory; transformation of corporate control.

3.6. Industry finance.

3.7. Finances of subjects of various forms of ownership.

3.8. Ensuring the value growth of financial resources.

3.9. Directions of regulation of corporate finance, optimization of the structure of financial resources of enterprises in the real sector of the economy.

3.10. The system of financial resources of economic entities.

3.11. Research of internal and external factors affecting the financial stability of enterprises and corporations.

3.12. The structure and relationship of the mechanism of financial interaction between the state and corporate finance in market conditions.

3.13. Theory, methodology, methodology of financial planning at the level of business entities.

3.14. Theory, methodology and basic concepts of taxation of business entities.

3.15. Optimization of the tax portfolio of business entities.

3.16. Monitoring of the tax contribution of business entities, etc.

4. Household finance

4.1. Theoretical and methodological foundations for the development of private finance.

4.2. The essence and role of household finance, their relationship with other sectors of the economy and finance.

4.3. Methodological principles for determining the monetary income and savings of the population and their differentiation by population groups.

4.4. A strategy for transforming household income into organized savings.

4.5. Trends in the differentiation of household savings behavior.

4.6. Assessment of the savings potential of households.

4.7. The mechanism of the investment strategy of the population’s savings.

4.8. Developing financial relationships and making financial investment decisions in the household.

4.9. Behavioral finance: personal characteristics and typical human behavior when making financial decisions.

4.10. Problems of optimization of the structure of financial resources of households.

5. Evaluation and evaluation activities

5.1. Theory, methodology and conceptual foundations of the formation of the value of various property objects.

5.2. Theoretical and methodological substantiation of approaches to the assessment of property, capital and attracted sources.

5.3. Theory and methodology of business valuation.

5.4. Development of risk assessment methods and their impact on market value.

5.5. Assessment of the company’s financial assets: problems and approaches.

5.6. Problems and perspectives of intellectual capital assessment.

5.7. Conceptual framework for assessing the competitiveness of a firm.

5.8. Estimating the cost of information systems and resources.

5.9. Features of the assessment of innovations.

5.10. Regulation, standardization, and control of valuation activities in the Russian Federation.

5.11. Implementation of the principle of independence in valuation activities.

6. Securities market and foreign exchange market

6.1. Theoretical foundations of the organization and functioning of the securities market and its segments.

6.2. Determination of forms and methods of integration of Russia, regions and corporations into the world securities market.

6.3. Development of methodological foundations and principles for managing the issue and redistribution of securities across the country and regions.

6.4. Theory and methodology of the problem of portfolio policy in the field of securities.

6.5. Concepts and mechanisms of the stock market functioning.

6.6. Development of theoretical and practical foundations of exchange policy and exchange trading.

6.7. State regulation of the stock market.

6.8. Methodology for assessing the profitability of financial instruments.

6.9. Formation of the foreign exchange market, principles of organization and structure.

6.10. Models of the functioning of the foreign exchange market.

6.11. Institutional transformations of the foreign exchange market and the problems of the activities of its institutions.

6.12. Regulation of the domestic foreign exchange market and the impact of monetary policy on the stability of the ruble exchange rate, the processes of dollarization of the Russian domestic market and the state of the payment and settlement system of the Russian economy.

6.13. The main directions of the influence of foreign currency systems on the financial system of Russia.

6.14. Study of trends in the development of the world monetary system and the prospects for external convertibility of the Russian currency.

6.15. Methodology and practice of monetary and credit relations between Russia and foreign states, etc.

7. Insurance market

7.1. Modern trends in the organization and functioning of the insurance system and the insurance market.

7.2. Theoretical and methodological foundations for forecasting and monitoring the development of insurance and the insurance market.

7.3. Financial and tax regulation of the development and effective functioning of compulsory and voluntary insurance.

7.4. Formation of theoretical and methodological foundations of new types of insurance products and systems of social support and protection of the country’s population.

7.5. Development of insurance systems and the insurance market in modern conditions.

7.6. Theoretical and methodological problems of increasing and ensuring the competitiveness of insurance services and organizations.

7.7. Providing the financial stability of insurance organizations.

7.8. The role of intermediaries in insurance.

7.9. Investment activity and investment portfolio of insurance companies.

7.10. Insurance companies, mutual funds and pension funds: improving rating and disclosure methods.

7.11. Study of the state and prospects for the development of international and national systems for standardization of various types of insurance.

8. Monetary system and mechanisms of monetary circulation

8.1. Theory, methodology and conceptual foundations of the formation and functioning of the monetary system and mechanisms of monetary circulation.

8.2. Methodological approaches to assessing the functions, forms of money circulation and their impact on the reproduction process in developed and developing countries.

8.3. Money in the system of economic relations. Money forms and monetary surrogates. Electronic money: specificity, management, development prospects.

8.4. Mechanism of cash and non-cash monetary circulation.

8.5. Methods of measuring money supply: problems of use and optimization.

8.6. Formation and regulation of cash flows in the economy.

8.7. Emission and anti-inflationary policy in a market economy.

8.8. Formation of an effective payment system and tools for resolving the payment crisis.

8.9. Methods and mechanisms for ensuring the stability of the national currency and enhancing its reproductive potential.

8.10. Inflation (deflation) problems, national currency depreciation.

8.11. Formation of demand for money and supply of money: trends and prospects for ensuring the necessary equilibrium of balance.

8.12. Theoretical foundations of the study of inflationary processes in the economy, the growth of real and monetary incomes, savings and other socio-economic factors.

8.13. Fundamentals of money issue and emission policy of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. Participation of the Central Bank in external debt management.

8.14. Evolution of money, variability of the functional properties of national money and forms, depending on changes in socio-economic conditions and environment.

8.15. Theory and practice of foreign exchange control and foreign exchange regulation, etc.

9. Credit relations

9.1. Theory, methodology, concepts and basic principles of credit relations as aspects of the manifestation of the credit system.

9.2. Strategies for integrating the Russian economy into the system of world economic relations, the world monetary system.

9.3. Development of the infrastructure of credit relations of modern credit instruments, forms, and methods of credit.

9.4. Modeling credit systems and credit mechanisms.

9.5. The structure and optimization of the loan capital market.

9.6. Laws and patterns of development of the credit sector.

9.7. The evolution of credit relations; patterns and current trends in their development, the interaction of credit with money circulation, finance, the financial market, the strengthening of the influence of credit on the production and sale of a social product.

9.8. Financial intermediation and the role of banks in its implementation.

10. Banks and other credit organizations

10.1. Formation of the banking system and its infrastructure in a market economy.

10.2. Problems of ensuring the institutional framework for the development of the banking sector and its interaction with the Central Bank of the Russian Federation.

10.3. Problems of ensuring the conjugation of monetary and banking macro-policy and micro-approach to the development of the banking system of the Russian Federation.

10.4. Problems of ensuring a balanced banking policy in the field of investment, lending, and the formation of bank liabilities across the entire vector of sources and reserves.

10.5. The stability of the banking system of the Russian Federation and its development strategy.

10.6. Interbank competition.

10.7. Improving the efficiency of banks with state participation, banks with foreign participation, as well as regional banks.

10.8. Bank investment policy.

10.9. Specificity of financing by banks of investment activities of enterprises of various industries and organizational and legal forms.

10.10. Financial innovation in the banking sector.

10.11. Assessment of the bank’s capital base: comparative assessment of domestic and foreign practice, development paths.

10.12. Improving the risk management system of Russian banks.

10.13. Problems of assessing and ensuring the reliability of the bank.

10.14. Development of methods for assessing the portfolio of assets of Russian banks and directions for portfolio optimization.

10.15. Development of models for determining the price and cost of banking services and operations, etc.

11. Monetary regulation

11.1. Theory, methodology and basic concepts in the field of the formation and functioning of monetary relations.

11.2. Features of the formation of the monetary policy of the Russian Federation and the mechanisms of its implementation in modern conditions.

11.3. Criteria and methods for improving the efficiency of monetary policy.

11.4. Integration of the monetary system of the Russian economy into the world market system.

11.5. The priorities of modern monetary policy and the reaction of the real sector to its implementation.

11.6. Interest rate policy of the Central Bank in the implementation of the focus on the development of credit relations and economic growth, mechanisms for regulating credit relations and banking in the financial and money markets.

11.7. Methods for regulating monetary credit circulation.

11.8. State regulation of credit and financial institutions.

11.9. Study of the influence of monetary regulation on innovation and investment processes in the economy.

11.10. Strategy and tactics of using instruments of monetary regulation.

11.11. The banking supervision system and its elements. Principles of effective banking supervision and their implementation in Russia. Methodology and methodology of banking supervision.

Competences and advantages


The profile “Finance, Money Circulation and Credit” is aimed at training scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel, as well as highly qualified practitioners engaged in the study of theoretical and practical issues of management and organization of finance, money circulation, credit, insurance and the securities market, who are proficient in scientific methods of research of economic, monetary processes.

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